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Explosion proof | Classification Schischek GmbH Explosionproof
Zones, Explosion groups, Temperature classes

Zones - Explosion groups - Temperature classes

Implementation
Areas with potentially explosive atmospheres are divided into zones, equipment has to be divided into groups and categories. The labelling on the identification plate of certified equipment indicates in which zone the explosion protected equipment can be used.

Division into product groups
Equipment is divided into group I and group II. Group I consists of underground mines and group II deals with all other applications.

Division into zones
Areas with potentially explosive atmospheres are divided into six zones according to the probability of how frequent and for which period of time a potentially explosive atmosphere (p.e.a.) exists.
A distinction is made between combustible gases, mists, vapors and combustible dust. For gases, mists and vapors zones 0, 1 and 2 exist, in which the requirements for the chosen equipment increase from zone 2 to 0. Equipment in zone 0 must be built in a way "that even if a type of protection fails or if two faults occur, that sufficient explosion protection is guaranteed". Therefore for example a passive, potential free sensor, installed in zone 0, and connected to an intrinsically safe electric circuit (II 2 (1) G [Ex ia] IIC), needs its own approval. Zones 20, 21 and 22 are for dust atmospheres, in which the requirements for the chosen equipment increase from zone 22 to 20. Equipment in zone 20 and 21 need special approval.


Spray room with Ex zones, air handling system and Schischek Ex-proof components Varnishing of a workpiece, thereby appearance of spray mist in zone 1, Ex-protection measure required, e.g. with Schischek pressure sensor ExCos-P Air handling system in zone 2, Ex-protection measure required, e.g. with Schischek damper actuator RedMax
Example: Spray room with Ex zones, air handling system and Schischek Ex-proof components
Zone 0 Zone 1 Zone 2
Filling station with Ex zones (Hazardous locations) Fuel a car in zone 1 Filling of a tank below ground with fuel in zone 1 Hazardous location (zone 2) Fuel charge (zone 0) Undergrounded fuel tank (zone 0)
Example: Filling station with Ex zones (Hazardous locations)
Example of a typical zone activity would be filling a barrel of petrol in an enclosed area   Example of a typical zone activity would be filling a grain silo in an enclosed area
Example of a typical zone activity would be filling a barrel of petrol in an enclosed area.   Example of a typical zone activity would be filling a grain silo in an enclosed area.


Division into equipment groups
Equipment groups determine, in which zones the equipment may be installed. Once again there are six categories. Categories 1G, 2G and 3G are classifications for gas explosion protection (G = Gas); thereby 1G equipment is suitable for use in zones 0, 1 and 2, 2G equipment is suitable for use in zones 1 and 2 and 3G equipment is suitable for use in zone 2. Categories 1D, 2D and 3D are classifications for dust explosion protection (D = Dust); thereby 1D equipment is suitable for use in zones 20, 21 and 22, 2D equipment is suitable for use in zones 21 and 22 and 3D equipment is suitable for use in zone 2.


Explosion groups, temperature classes
The equipment groups and categories determine, in which zones the equipment may be installed, whereas the explosion groups and temperature classes determine, for which mediums inside the zones, the equipment is suitable. The type of protection used is not a mark of quality but is instead a constructive solution for selecting equipment for explosion protection.


Division into explosion groups
Explosion protected equipment for gases, mists and vapors is divided into three explosion groups (IIA-IIB-IIC) according to the type of protection being used. The explosion group is a means to measure the ignitability of gases (potentially explosive atmos-
pheres). The equipment requirements increase from IIA to IIC.

Explosion groups

fig. 1: Division into
explosion groups


Division into temperature classes
Explosion proof equipment, installed within an Ex area, is divided into 6 temperature classes (T1 to T6). The temperature class is not – as it is often wrongly believed – the operating temperature range of the equipment, but the maximum permissible surface temperature of the equipment, in relation to + 40°C ambient temperature on any surface area, which may not be exceeded at any time. The maximum surface temperature must remain below the ignition temperature of the surroun-
ding medium at all times. The equip-
ment design requirements increase from T1 to T6.

Temperature classes

fig. 2: Division into
temperature classes

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Colour Code

ATEX products for
zone 1, 2, 21, 22
(e.g. ExMax+LIN)

ATEX products for
zone 2, 22
(e.g. RedMax+LIN)

Products for
safe area
(e.g. InMax+LIN)

Offshore/Marine
Coated versions
(e.g. ..Bin..-CT / OCT)

Stainless steel versions AISI 316
(e.g. ExCos-V)